The canonization cause of Servant of God Augustus Tolton received important approval from the Vatican’s historical consultants in March, moving the cause forward.
Tolton, a former slave, is the first recognized American diocesan priest of African descent. Cardinal Francis George opened his cause for canonization in 2011.
On March 8, the consultants in Rome ruled that the positio (equivalent to a doctoral dissertation on a person’s life) was acceptable and the research on Tolton’s life was finished, said Auxiliary Bishop Joseph Perry, postulator for Tolton’s cause.
“They have a story on a life that they deem is credible, properly documented. It bodes well for the remaining steps of scrutiny — those remaining steps being the theological commission that will make a final determination on his virtues. Then it goes to the cardinals and archbishops who are assigned to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints,” Bishop Perry explained. “Once they approve it then the prefect of that congregation takes the case to the pope.”
If the pope approves it, Tolton would be named venerable, the next step on the way to canonization. The last two steps are beatification and canonization. Approved miracles through Tolton’s intercession are needed for him to be beatified and canonized.
In rare cases, popes have waived the requirement for a second miracle and approved a canonization. This happened most recently when Pope Francis approved the sainthood of Pope John XXIII without a second miracle in 2014.
Six historical consultants ruled unanimously on the Tolton positio, compiled by a team in Rome led by Andrea Ambrosi, based on hundreds of pages of research completed in Chicago.
While working on the document, Ambrosi’s team asked Bishop Perry why it took so long to open a cause for Tolton, who died in 1897. “We told them that African Americans basically had no status in the church to be considered at that time. Some people didn’t think we had souls. They were hardly poised to recommend someone to be a saint,” Bishop Perry said. “And then in those days there were hardly any saints from the United States proposed.”
The fact that the historical consultants approved the positio unanimously is a positive sign, he said.
The cause is scheduled to go before the theological commission in February 2019.
Two miracles through Tolton’s intercession have been sent to Rome.
“We’re hoping and our fingers are crossed and we’re praying that at least one of them might be acceptable for his beatification,” Bishop Perry said.
Born into slavery, Tolton fled to freedom with his mother and two siblings through the woods of northern Missouri and across the Mississippi River while being pursued by bounty hunters and soldiers. He was only 9 years old.
The small family made their home in Quincy, Illinois, a sanctuary for runaway slaves.
Growing up in Quincy and serving at Mass, young Augustus felt a call to the priesthood, but because of rampant racism, no seminary in the United States would accept him.
He headed to Rome, convinced he would become a missionary priest serving in Africa. However, after ordination he was sent back to his hometown to be a missionary to the community there.
He was such a good preacher that many white people filled the pews for his Masses, along with black people. This upset the white priests in the town, who made life very difficult for him as a result. After three years, Tolton moved north to Chicago, at the request of Archbishop Patrick Feehan, to minster to the black Catholic community here.
Tolton worked tirelessly for his congregation in Chicago, to the point of exhaustion, and on July 9, 1897, he died of heat stroke while returning from a priests retreat. He was 43.
Since the cause began, Bishop Perry and his team have given more than 170 presentations on Tolton around the country. They also have received inquiries about Tolton from the faithful in countries such as the Philippines, Germany, Australia, Italy and France, and countries in Africa.
People receive Tolton’s story well, Bishop Perry said.
“There’s also the element of surprise — surprise in the story that people register. People always presume that we had black priests. There’s an element of surprise at how the church handled some of these more naughty issues of reception and acceptance,” he said. “They thought that this was pretty usual but they were surprised to see that there were certain individuals who were not so receptive to a person like Tolton and others.”
Tolton did not speak out publicly against the racist abuse he encountered from his fellow Catholics. Rather, throughout his ministry, he preached that the Catholic Church was the only true liberator of blacks in America.
“I think people generally are touched by his story, especially regarding his stamina and perseverance given what appears to be a different mood today. People don’t accept stuff thrown in their faces anymore,” Bishop Perry said.
For more about Tolton and the cause, visit www.toltoncanonization.org.
Reynold Verret, president of Xavier University of Louisiana, announced July 31 that the university and its Institute for Black Catholic Studies will become the new hub for the advancement of sainthood causes of African-American Catholics.
When Archbishop Blase Cupich takes over the Archdiocese of Chicago, he’ll also oversee the cause for the canonization of Servant of God Augustus Tolton.
In honor of Black History Month, the archdiocese’s Black Catholic Initiative held an essay contest for students in Catholic schools with the topic “Why would Father Tolton view a Catholic education as valuable?”