The chart illustrates the annual counts of priests removed or departed from ministry in the archdiocese between 1966 and 2012. The first large wave of removals occurred between 1990-93, with 18 accused priests removed or departed. This large increase was due to the changes in the archdiocese during the time. In September 1992, following an extensive investigation and a report by a lay commission charged with assessing response to sexual misconduct in the archdiocese, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin established the archdiocese’s independent Review Board for misconduct allegations, and created the assistance ministry function for counseling of victims, families and parishes. These were the first such offices in a large American diocese. Through these offices, allegations of misconduct were systematically evaluated and priests were removed from ministry when allegations were substantiated. The second largest wave of priest removals was in 2002-2003, during which time 15 accused priests were removed from all ministry; many had previously been removed from parish ministry. This wave of removals followed the promulgation of the Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People (Dallas Charter) by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops in June 2002. The charter established a zero tolerance policy that required no priest with even one substantiated allegation of sexual abuse of a minor can serve in public ministry.